One would think that you should be able to pick up and move with your child(ren) whenever and wherever you would like. However, if you have shared parental responsibility pursuant to a parenting plan in Florida, unfortunately you cannot just move; or you might be in contempt of court. It seems that I have had to counsel quite a few people on "relocation" lately, so I thought a blog post was necessary.
Relocation is the change of your residence at the time of the order establishing or modifying time sharing for 60 consecutive days. The change of location of residence must be 50 miles. Therefore, If you move within a 50 mile radius, then you have not relocated.
If you and your co-parent agree to the relocation, then the statute allows the two of you to sign an agreement saying that you both consent. The agreement must also define the new time sharing schedule and describe the transportation arrangements. This agreement can be filed with the clerk of courts and the parent who wishes to relocate is free to do so.
If the other parent opposes your relocation, however, you cannot just do it anyway. You must file a petition to relocate and have it served on the other parent. There must be a hearing before a judge to determine if the relocation is in the best interest of the child. It does not necessarily matter if it is in your best interest to relocate. The court's main consideration is whether it is in the child's best interest. The court will look at all of the following factors for consideration:
- The nature, quality, extent of involvement, and duration of the child’s relationship with the parent or other person proposing to relocate with the child and with the non-relocating parent, other persons, siblings, half-siblings, and other significant persons in the child’s life;
- The age and developmental stage of the child, the needs of the child, and the likely impact the relocation will have on the child’s physical, educational, and emotional development, taking into consideration any special needs of the child;
- The feasibility of preserving the relationship between the non-relocating parent or other person and the child through substitute arrangements that take into consideration the logistics of contact, access, and time-sharing, as well as the financial circumstances of the parties; whether those factors are sufficient to foster a continuing meaningful relationship between the child and the non-relocating parent or other person; and the likelihood of compliance with the substitute arrangements by the relocating parent or other person once he or she is out of the jurisdiction of the court;
- The child’s preference, taking into consideration the age and maturity of the child;
- Whether the relocation will enhance the general quality of life for both the parent or other person seeking the relocation and the child, including, but not limited to, financial or emotional benefits or educational opportunities;
- The reasons each parent or other person is seeking or opposing the relocation;
- The current employment and economic circumstances of each parent or other person and whether the proposed relocation is necessary to improve the economic circumstances of the parent or other person seeking relocation of the child;
- That the relocation is sought in good faith and the extent to which the objecting parent has fulfilled his or her financial obligations to the parent or other person seeking relocation, including child support, spousal support, and marital property and marital debt obligations;
- The career and other opportunities available to the objecting parent or other person if the relocation occurs;
- A history of substance abuse or domestic violence as defined in s. 741.28 or which meets the criteria of s. 39.806(1)(d) by either parent, including a consideration of the severity of such conduct and the failure or success of any attempts at rehabilitation; and
- Any other factor affecting the best interest of the child or as set forth in s. 61.13.
If you relocate without going through the proper procedure of filing a petition, then your co-parent could file for contempt against you. The judge would more than likely use that against you in any future proceedings considering your request to relocate. In addition, you may also be charged criminally for kidnapping.
If you are considering relocation, or if your co-parent has attempted to relocate without your permission, then you need the help of an experienced attorney. Call Heather Bryan Law for a consultation at 863-825-5309, or contact us online.